Natural Born Citizen Defined

WHY did our Forefathers specify "Natural Born Citizen"?
 
The small but very important requirement in the U.S. Constitution, which requires that a U.S. President be ‘natural born’ on U.S. soil is also one of the "wisest requirements" and our forefathers put it in there for very good reason~ with foresight to prevent those with foreign interests and loyalties from corrupting our government.
 
The Founders required the President to be a "Natural Born Citizen" to help ensure that the ONE person sitting at the top of the Executive branch had unquestionable and unwavering loyalty to the United States of America, first and foremost.

 The term natural born citizen was first codified in the legal reference book "Law of Nations" in 1758, of which was used by John Jay who later became the first Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.  John Jay considered the outstanding legal scholar of his time had the "natural born citizen" clause inserted into the U.S. Constitution via a letter he wrote to George Washington, the leader of the Constitutional Convention. 

       

In the official copies of the THIRD U.S. Congress (1795) margin notes state "Former act repealed. 1790. ch. 3." referencing the FIRST U.S. Congress (1790).

The actual text of the THIRD CONGRESS in 1795 states, "...children of citizens [plural = both parents] of the United States...shall be considered citizens of the United States; Provided That the right of citizenship shall not descend to persons, whose fathers have never been resident in the United States..."  (THIRD CONGRESS Session II. Ch.21. 1795, Approved January 29, 1795, pp. 414-415. Document margin note: "How children shall obtain citizenship through their parents" Document margin note: "Former Act repealed 1790 ch.3.")

The actual text of the FIRST CONGRESS in 1790 states,
"...children of citizens (plural = both parents) of the United States...shall be considered as natural born citizens of the United States; Provided That the right of citizenship shall not descend to persons, whose fathers have never been resident in the United States..." (FIRST CONGRESS Session II Ch.4 1790, Approved March 26, 1790, pp. 103-104. Document margin note: "Their children residing here, deemed citizens." Document margin note: "Also, children of citizens born beyond sea, & c. Exceptions.")  Click here for U.S. State Department 103 page PDF file regarding citizenship

The actual text of the Constitution from the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789, and subsequent official printings, of the Constitution of the United States of American: Article II Section 1 Clause 5 states,
"No person, except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President…

From the "Law of Nations": "The natives, or natural-born citizens, are those born in the country, of parents who are citizens.  As the society can not exist and perpetuate itself otherwise than by the children of the citizens, those children naturally follow the condition of their fathers, and succeed to all their rights.  The society is supposed to desire this, in consequence of what it owes to its own preservation; and it is presumed, as a matter of course, that each citizen, on entering into society, reserves to his children the right of becoming members of it.  THE COUNTRY OF THE FATHERS IS THEREFORE THAT OF THE CHILDREN." Now apply that to Obama's Father being a Kenyan.

John Jay wrote: "Permit me to hint, whether it would be wise and reasonable to provide a strong check to the admission of Foreigners into the administration of our national Government; and to declare expressly that the Commander in Chief of the American army shall not be given to nor devolve on, any but a natural born Citizen."

Rep. John Bingham of Ohio, considered the father of the 14th  Amendment, confirms that understanding and the construction the framers used in regards to birthright and jurisdiction while speaking on civil rights of citizens in the House on March 9, 1866:
" ... I find no fault with the introductory clause [S 61 Bill], which is simply declaratory of what is written in the Constitution, that every human being born within the jurisdiction of the United States of parents (plural, meaning two) not owing allegiance to any foreign sovereignty is, in the language of your Constitution itself, a natural born citizen..."

Bingham is also quoted saying in the Spring of 1868 some serious warnings:
"May God forbid that the future historian shall record of this day's proceedings, that by reason of the failure of the legislative power of the people to triumph over the usurpations of an apostate President, the fabric of American empire fell and perished from the earth!...I ask you to consider that we stand this day pleading for the violated majesty of the law, by the graves of half a million of martyred hero-patriots who made death beautiful by the sacrifice of themselves for their country, the Constitution and the laws, and who, by their sublime example, have taught us all to obey the law; that none are above the law..."

  Adolf Hitler, as example, was not a 'natural born' German born citizen. He was actually born in Austria. Having been to both those countries, I can personally attest to the great difference between Germans and Austrians. There are still many people who believe that had there been a similar requirement or law in Germany to our Constitution requirement for President (or Chancellor or leader) to be born on the land of the country, that WWII would not have occurred as it did and countless millions would not have died. Hitler completely ruined not only Europe, but especially Germany. He pushed it’s people and their Military forces to the brink of destruction, even when everyone (including himself) knew that there could be absolutely no victory for Germany.  Why? Well, many feel it was because he was not a German in truth, He was an Austrian, and therefore he did ultimately not care about the German people or about Germany and all of her treasures, cities, etc.... although Hitler had an 84% approval rating with the public, due to the devastating Economic situation and his charismatic oratorical skills, the National Socialists did not have an overwhelming majority in the Reichstag. They simply were the largest party at the time in the German Parliament. Therefore, no other party was able to oppose their legislative pull…, and in a similar situation we’d also not be protected…

 Many question BHO’s allegiances and patriotism, by his; refusal to wear the U.S. Flag lapel pin, refusal to salute the American Flag during the Anthem, canceling a scheduled Anthem at at least 1 of his events, and spending a lot of $ to repaint his campaign aircraft to remove the U.S. Flag from the tail fin, and canceling a scheduled visit to our injured troops in Germany…  So in this case there is good cause and reason to ensure the intended purpose of the Constitutional requirement is upheld.

 BHO visited Kenya as a Senator and endorsed the socialist party candidate (Odinga, his cousin) in their national Presidential elections. He did this because Odinga was/is his friend and fellow Luo tribesman (and cousin), of the same tribe BHO and his father were members of, and the existing Kenyan administration fired his father, Obama Sr.  That is precisely why we need the President to be a real "natural born citizen", without divided loyalties, hidden agendas and conflicts of interest. Also worth mention is that hundreds of citizens were killed by Obama's cousin Odinga's men when Odinga lost the the election.

Obama is a citizen because of the 14th Amendment, right? NO that is a MYTH;
The 14th Amendment;
it does not address the "natural born citizen" issue, only citizenship. The 14th Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution was proposed on June 13, 1866, and ratified on July 9, 1868, and was first intended to secure the rights of former slaves and it is one of the post-Civil War Reconstruction Amendments. The 14th amendment provides a broader definition of citizenship, overruling Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) which had excluded slaves and their descendants from possessing Constitutional rights.
"Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.  No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."

Case Law regarding "Natural Born Citizen";

Minor v. Happersett (1874) 21 Wall. 162, 166-168
'At common law, with the nomenclature of which the framers of the constitution were familiar, it was never doubted that all children born in a country, of parents (plural) who were its citizens (plural), became themselves, upon their birth, citizens also.  These were natives or natural-born citizens, as distinguished from aliens or foreigners.  Some authorities go further, and include as citizens children born within the jurisdiction, without reference to the citizenship of their parents.  As to this class there have been doubts, but never as to the first.  For the purposes of this case, it is not necessary to solve these doubts.  It is sufficient, for everything we have now to consider, that all children, born of citizen parents (plural), within the jurisdiction, are themselves citizens.' "Minor v. Happersett (1874) 21 Wall. 162, 166-168.

 U. S. v Wong Kim Ark (1898) , the court thoroughly discussed "natural born citizen," and Justice Gray quoted from Minor v. Happersett
The cases importance is that it is the first case decided by the Supreme Court that attempts to explain the meaning of "natural born citizen" under Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the U.S. Constitution.  Natural born citizen is similar to the meaning of what a natural born subject is under Common Law in England and why the framers specifically included a grandfather clause (natural born Citizen OR a Citizen of the United States, at the time of adoption of this Constitution) as the founding fathers needed to grandfather clause themselves in, in order to be president because they were British subjects.  The holding in U.S. v. Wong Kim Ark states that Wong Kim Ark is a native born citizen and NOT natural born.  If you look at the fact of Wong Kim Ark being born in San Francisco, CA, of foreign (Chinese) parents, therefore was not 'natural born'.

 Perkins v. Elg's (1939) importance is that it actually gives examples of what a "natural born citizen" of the U.S. is; what a "citizen" of the U.S. is; and what a "native born citizen" of the U. S.
In this case, the U. S. Supreme Court decided the same as in prior case law that a "natural born citizen" is a person who is born of two U.S. citizen parents
(plural) AND born in the mainland of U.S.
 
Citizen: On cross appeals, the Court of Appeals affirmed the decree, 69 App.D.C. 175, 99 F.2d 408. Certiorari was granted, December 5, 1938, 305 U.S. 591, 59 S.Ct. 245, 83 L.Ed. --. First.-- On her birth in New York, the plaintiff became a citizen of the United States.  Civil Rights Act of 1866: Ms. Elg was found to be a "citizen" because she was born in the mainland USA (New York)
 
Native Born citizen: This principle was clearly stated by Attorney General Edwards Pierrepont in his letter of advice to the Secretary of State Hamilton Fish, in Steinkauler's Case, 1875, 15 Op.Atty.Gen. 15. Steinkauler, a Prussian subject by birth, who emigrated to the United States in 1848 and was naturalized in 1854, and had a son who was born in St. Louis the following year. 4 years later Steinkauler returned to Germany taking this child and became domiciled at Weisbaden where they continuously resided. When the son reached 20 years of age the German Government called upon him to report for military duty but his father then requested intervention of the American Legation on the grounds that his son was a "native citizen of the United States". On reviewing the pertinent points in the case, including the Naturalization Treaty of 1868 with North Germany, 15 Stat. 615, the Attorney General reached the following conclusion: 'Young Steinkauler is a native-born American citizen. Mr. Steinkauler was found to be a "native born citizen" because he was born in the mainland USA (St. Louis)
  Natural Born Citizen: U. S. Supreme Court's Relevant Facts:  Miss Elg was born in Brooklyn, New York, on October 2, 1907.  Her parents, who were natives of Sweden, emigrated to the United States sometime prior to 1906 and her father was naturalized here in that year. In 1911, her mother took her to Sweden where she continued to reside until September 7, 1929. Her father went to Sweden in 1922 and has not since returned to the United States. In November, 1934, he made a statement before an American consul in Sweden that he had voluntarily expatriated himself for the reason that he did not desire to retain the status of an American citizen and wished to preserve his allegiance to Sweden. [Perkins v. Elg, 307 U.S. 325, 327 (1939).]
U. S. Supreme Court's Holding:  The court below, properly recognizing the existence of an actual controversy with the defendants (Aetna Life Ins. Co. v. Haworth, 300 U.S. 227, 57 S.Ct. 461, 81 L.Ed. 617, 108 A.L.R. 1000) declared Miss Elg 'to be a natural born citizen of the United States' (99 F.2d 414) and we think that the decree should include the Secretary of State as well as the other defendants. [Perkins v. Elg, 307 U.S. 325, 350 (1939).]

Rationale of the logic is as follows: The U. S. Supreme Court in 1939 held that Elg was a NATURAL BORN CITIZEN because she was born in Brooklyn, New York on October 2, 1907, her father was naturalized as a U.S. citizen in 1906 under the Naturalization Act of 1906, and her mother derived her US citizenship in 1907 under the Expatriation Act of 1907
(federal statute) as proof, and being that, Elg was born prior to the 19th Amendment, ratified on August 18, 1920, her status was still  tied to that of her husband.
Ms. Elg was found to be a "natural born citizen" because she was born in the mainland USA (New York) of TWO US citizen parents.
(plural)

This all clearly shows:
That a person can be a "citizen" under the following circumstances:
1)  Person was born of one citizen parent (Obama), or
2)  Person was born in the US mainland ("anchor babies"), or
3)  Person was naturalized (like Arnold Schwarzenegger, who most know is not eligible for President).

To be a "natural born citizen" the person MUST be born in the US mainland of two US citizen parents. (plural)
Obama is at best a citizen, but NOT a 'natural born citizen' even IF he was born in the State of Hawaii because he had only ONE U.S. citizen parent. (singular)
 

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